Top 10 Common Dental Problems

You know good oral health starts with proper oral care. Brushing and flossing along with regular visits to your dentist Weybridge, all go a long way to keep your mouth healthy. But, if you’ve ever experienced sore gums or a toothache, you know that dental problems can occur even when you’re taking proper care of your teeth.

In fact, besides pain, dental problems can cause you some anxiety, especially when you don’t know exactly what type of issue you are experiencing. By educating yourself on the top 10 dental problems that most people experience, you can help prevent these issues or give yourself a starting point for a discussion with your dentist.

  1. Dental Cavity And Tooth Decay

Almost all adults will experience tooth decay during their lifetime, and approximately 25 percent of all adults have an untreated cavity. You may have a cavity if you notice:

  • Tooth pain
  • Food getting caught in your tooth
  • Your tooth feels rough
  • You experience pain when eating something cold or sweet

Your dentist can treat a cavity with a filling, crown, root canal or even the removal of the tooth if the damage is extensive.

  1. Bad Breath (Halitosis)

Everyone may experience bad breath from time to time, but chronic bad breath, known as halitosis, is more than just a nuisance. In fact, for most people, bad breath is caused by a dental condition. If you suffer from halitosis, you may be experiencing gum disease, cavities, oral cancer, dry mouth or have an abundance of bacteria on your tongue. You should seek out the care of your dentist when suffering from chronic bad breath.

  1. Periodontal/Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums surrounding your teeth. If you believe you have gum disease, you should seek a dentist for help. Gum disease has been linked to heart disease and is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults, so early treatment is crucial. If you notice symptoms such as bad breath, red, swollen or tender gums, bleeding of your gums, teeth sensitivity or bad breath, your dentist may be able to help.

  1. Oral/Mouth Cancer

If diagnosed early, oral (mouth) cancer may be curable for those who seek treatment early. If you notice symptoms such as sores, lumps, or rough areas in your mouth, a change in your bite, difficulty chewing or moving your tongue or jaw, you should seek help. Additionally, if you are a user of tobacco products and/oralcohol you should know these may increase your risk of developing oral cancer.

  1. Mouth Sores/Ulcers

While often annoying, most mouth sores or ulcers do not pose a serious problem to your dental health. Canker sores are a common problem that you may experience and only require treatment if they last longer than two weeks.

  1. Teeth Darkening

If you have a tooth that experiences trauma, for example, a blow to the mouth, you may notice your tooth changes color. This happens for one of two reasons: your tooth is trying to protect the nerve, or the tooth is dying. In both cases, you should seek help from your dentist so that he/she can assess the situation and make a recommendation for treatment.

  1. Infected Tooth Nerve

An infected tooth nerve occurs when bacteria infect the root of your mouth. This may manifest itself as a simple toothache but is a much more serious issue. You may develop an abscess and excessive pain if not treated immediately.

  1. Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

You may have had a loved one tell you that you grind your teeth during the night, although this is not the only time that you may grind your teeth. This grinding of the teeth is known as bruxism. Without treatment, your teeth may become worn down, or you may suffer from toothaches, earaches, headaches or jaw pain.

  1. Chipped Tooth

There are several ways your dentist can fix a chipped tooth. He/she may smooth the tooth, provide a filling which matches your tooth color or use a veneer or crown. Chipped teeth should not be ignored as they may cause tooth pain or lead to further tooth damage if not treated.

  1. Enamel Erosion

Your tooth enamel can experience erosion when it is bombarded with acid. The acid breaks down the tooth and can cause sensitivity to hot or cold items or even more severe problems. This condition is easily preventable.

If you have questions about any of these 10 common dental problems, you should seek out the advice of your dentist. He/she can advise you on any issues you are suffering from and provide you with a proper treatment plan.

Author Bio:

Oatlands Dental Lounge is committed to making every patient’s visit as comfortable and personalized as possible. We consider our dental team, our patients and their families to be valuable elements – when you become part of the Oatlands Dental Lounge family, you become a very important person!

Can Gum Disease Treatment Improve Symptoms In Cirrhosis Patients?

A new study in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology suggests that routine oral care to treat gum disease may play a role in reducing inflammation and toxins in the blood and improving cognitive function in people with liver cirrhosis.

Previous research has shown that people with cirrhosis have changes in gut and salivary microbiota – bacteria that populate the gastrointestinal tract and mouth – which can lead to gum disease and a higher risk of cirrhosis-related complications. In addition, studies have found that people with cirrhosis have increased levels of inflammation throughout the body, which is associated with hepatic encephalopathy.

Researchers studied two groups of volunteers that had cirrhosis and mild-to-moderate periodontitis. One group received periodontal care including teeth cleaning and removal of bacteria toxins from the teeth and gums. The other group was not treated for gum disease. The research team collected blood, saliva and stool samples before and 30 days after treatment. Each volunteer took standardized tests to measure cognitive function before and after treatment.

Oral Inflammation Reduction

The treated group – especially those with hepatic encephalopathy – had increased levels of beneficial gut bacteria that could reduce inflammation, as well as lower levels of endotoxin-producing bacteria in the saliva when compared to the untreated group. The untreated group demonstrated an increase in endotoxin levels in the blood over the same time period. The improvement in the treated group “could be related to a reduction in oral inflammation leading to lower systemic inflammation, or due to [less harmful bacteria] being swallowed and affecting the gut microbiota,” the research team wrote.

Cognitive function also improved in the treated group, suggesting that the reduced inflammation levels in the body may minimize some of the symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy in people who are already receiving  standard-of-care therapies for the condition. This finding is relevant because there are no further therapies approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to alleviate cognition problems in this population, the researchers said. “The oral cavity could represent a treatment target to reduce inflammation and endotoxemia in patients with cirrhosis to improve clinical outcomes.”

Cirrhosis, which is a growing epidemic in the U.S., is the presence of scar tissue on the liver. When severe, it can lead to liver failure. Complications of cirrhosis can include infections throughout the body and hepatic encephalopathy, a buildup of toxins in the brain caused by advanced liver disease. Symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy include confusion, mood changes and impaired cognitive function.

How To Keep Teeth Healthy

Keeping your teeth healthy rewards you with a bright smile, fresh breath, and a mouth free from discomfort. The state of your oral health grants valuable insights into your total well-being. Preventing bad breath and tooth decay has far-reaching benefits. Follow our dental advice, and learn how to keep teeth healthy and sustain optimal oral hygiene.

  1. Brush Your Teeth Twice A Day

Brushing your teeth twice a day is essential to healthy teeth and gums. By brushing your teeth twice a day, you keep plaque under control. For best results, brush your teeth once in the morning and once again before going to bed.

  1. Floss Your Teeth Daily

Cleaning between your teeth is essential to good oral health. Dentists can detect whether you floss by how inflamed your gums are. Flossing combined with brushing reduces plaque build-up better than brushing alone. Brushing and flossing together also reduces the risk of most mild gum diseases more than tooth brushing by itself.

  1. Limit Acidic Drinks

When enamel in your teeth comes into contact with acid, the acid erodes the enamel of your teeth. The sugar in sweetened acidic drinks also feeds the harmful bacteria in your mouth. As the bacteria breed and multiply, more acid gets released. Numerous studies have linked the acid produced and the dental erosion that occurs to almost all forms of severe tooth decay. Always do your best to limit the number of acidic drinks and fruit juices you drink.

  1. Limit Sugar Intake

The bacteria in plaque feed on sugar and produce acid, which can rapidly deteriorate enamel. Limit your sugar intake as much as possible. However, if you do have sugar, consume it quickly and try to get it off your teeth as soon as possible. Recent studies show frequent exposure to sugar does the most damage to the enamel of our teeth. For example, sipping on a fizzy drink all day is far more damaging than gulping a glass down quickly a few times a day.

  1. Safeguard Your Teeth From Injury

If your sport puts your teeth at risk, make sure you wear protection. Mouth guards prevent chipping, cracking, and loose teeth. All dental damage serves as a gateway for further complications. When your teeth sustain an injury, the sharp edges can cut soft oral tissue or leave cracks in the enamel. This increases the risk of infection spreading to the root and surrounding gum tissue. Always safeguard your teeth from injury to prevent long-term oral trauma.

  1. Save A Knocked-Out Tooth

Avulsed, or knocked-out, teeth are normally recoverable. If your tooth has been completely knocked out, try to put the tooth back in its socket. Hold a dislodged tooth by the crown, not the roots. If the tooth is dirty, rinse it with saliva or water first but never soap. A knocked-out tooth can survive for up to two hours. Bite on clean gauze or a tea bag to reduce the bleeding and stabilize the tooth.

If you can’t keep the tooth in its socket, then keep it moist. Put the tooth in a cup of milk, saliva, or mixed saline solution and water.  You can also store a knocked-out tooth between your gum and cheek or beneath your tongue. A general practice dentist can re-implant a knocked-out tooth if you preserved it well and if you get to the practice quick enough.

  1. Never Use Your Teeth For Anything Other Than Chewing Food

Teeth are for chewing food, nothing else. Even if cracking open bottle tops or biting open nutshells is comfortable to you, this does not mean it is safe for your teeth. Improper use can damage the enamel or even crack or fracture your teeth. The risk is not worth it.

  1. Never Delay Dental Treatments

Make sure you never delay dental treatments. There is always a Dentist in Milton Keynes available to handle any emergency. If you are suffering from pain or discomfort in any way, get it seen to immediately as waiting worsens the problem.

Author Bio

Susan Louisa works at Oxford House Dental Practice, a pioneer in quality dentistry since its establishment in 1954. With its large, private car park, familiar exterior, friendly attitude of surgeons and the full range of dental treatments, it is a well-known dentist in Milton Keynes, England.

Is Acupuncture A Possible Treatment For Dental Anxiety?

Dental anxiety affects up to an estimated 30 percent of the adult population in countries world-wide. Patients can experience nausea, difficulty breathing and dizziness at the thought of going to the dentist – during an examination and following treatment. Reasons behind dental anxiety can vary such as fear of pain, needles or anesthetic side effects, as well as embarrassment or feeling a loss of control.

Researchers have found evidence that acupuncture could help people who experience dental anxiety. In a review of six trials with 800 patients, researchers used a points scale to measure anxiety. Studies showed that anxiety reduced by eight points when dental patients were given acupuncture as a treatment. This level of reduction is considered to be clinically relevant, which means that acupuncture could be a possibility for tackling dental anxiety.

More than 120 trials across England, China, Spain, Portugal and Germany were identified as having investigated the effects of acupuncture on patients with dental anxiety, and six trials were eligible for review, with two demonstrating high-quality methods. Previous clinical trials have involved acupuncture for treatment on a range of conditions including lower back pain, depression, and irritable bowel syndrome. There is, however, limited research detailing its impact on specific cases of anxiety.

Dental Practice Integration

“There is increasing scientific interest in the effectiveness of acupuncture either as a standalone treatment or as an accompanying treatment to more traditional medications,” says Hugh MacPherson, Professor of Acupuncture at the University of York’s Department of Health Sciences. “We have recently shown, for example, that acupuncture treatment can boost the effectiveness of standard medical care in chronic pain and depression. Chronic pain is often a symptom of a long-term condition, so to further our understanding of the various uses of acupuncture we wanted to see what it could achieve for conditions that occur suddenly, rapidly and as a reaction to particular experiences.”

Studies that compared anxiety levels between patients that received acupuncture and those that did not showed a significant difference in anxiety scores during dental treatment. A clinically-relevant reduction in anxiety was found when acupuncture was compared with not receiving acupuncture. No conclusions could be drawn, however, between patients that received acupuncture as an intervention and those that received placebo treatment, suggesting that larger scale controlled trials are needed to increase the robustness of the findings.

“These are interesting findings, but we need more trials that measure the impact of acupuncture on anxiety before going to the dentist, during treatment and after treatment,” MacPherson said. “If acupuncture is to be integrated into dental practices, or for use in other cases of extreme anxiety, then there needs to be more high-quality research that demonstrates that it can have a lasting impact on the patient. Early indications look positive, but there is still more work to be done.”

10 Best Foods To Keep Gums And Teeth Healthy

When people think about healthy teeth and gums, the first things that come to mind are daily brushing, flossing and using a mouthwash. But there are also subtle changes you can make in your diet to help keep your teeth and gums healthy. Even if you are fastidious about oral hygiene, it might be difficult to keep your mouth healthy if you don’t watch what you eat.

Teeth and gums require good nutrition to function correctly. Eliminating sugary foods and acidic drinks from your diet can help to prevent tooth decay. Easting a diet rich in nutrients such as calcium, vitamin D, vitamin C, and packed with bacteria-fighting antioxidants is important.

Best Foods For Healthy Teeth And Gums

There are many healthy and delicious foods that are good for the health of your teeth and gums. Ask your dentist to confirm which foods can help with your oral health and which foods to avoid. Below is a list of the top 10 foods that help teeth and gums stay healthy.


Water helps to wash away any leftover food particles inside the mouth and helps to keep saliva levels high. Saliva is the best and first defense against tooth decay because it is made up of different minerals and proteins that work to fight plaque naturally.


Milk is high in calcium, a mineral that helps strengthen your teeth. It also contains phosphorous which protects tooth enamel and revitalizes teeth. Milk helps to lower the acidic levels inside the mouth and prevents tooth decay and gum disease because it contains a protein called casein.

Black And Green Tea

Black and green teas are rich in polyphenols. This can help eliminate bad breath and reduce the growth of bacteria and different toxins in the mouth, which help stop inflammation and prevent gum disease.

Raw Vegetables

Crunchy raw vegetables such as carrots and celery can help stimulate gums and maintain healthy teeth. Carrots and celery are also high in beta-carotene, which helps the body produce vitamin A. Vitamin A is very important for the body as it plays an important role in building strong teeth.


Strawberries are high in vitamin C, antioxidants, and malic acid, so they are the perfect healthy snack. As well as helping keep teeth and gums healthy, strawberries have also been shown to whiten teeth when mixed with baking powder and gently applied to the teeth. The berry-baking soda mixture removes plaque and other debris creating an illusion of whiter teeth.


Apples are full of key vitamins and nutrients and stimulate the gums as well as reduce any bacteria build-up. Eating an apple also helps to produce a flow of salvia, and this helps to fight tooth decay.

Apples have been referred to as nature’s toothbrush because the fiber-rich skin on the apple creates a similar effect to a toothbrush. The abrasive texture loosens debris in the crevices of your teeth, keeping your pearly whites plaque free.


Garlic contains the antimicrobial property Allicin. This helps fight tooth decay and periodontal disease. Allicin encourages healthy bacteria to grow.


Ginger contains properties that can stop bacteria growth while also freshening your breath. Raw ginger can help remove any plaque from your teeth.


Just like milk, natural cheese is rich in calcium and whey protein. Cheese improves dental health and restores enamel. It also lowers the acid levels within the mouth which create a climate for stubborn plaque. Cheese also produces more saliva to help wash away bacteria in the mouth.

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet potatoes are high in vitamin A and vitamin C. These vitamins play an important role in tooth formation, and enamel restoration. The vitamins are also important in maintaining a protein called keratin which maintains tooth integrity.

Author Bio:

Dan Ray works at Dentalkind, a quality dentist in Billericay, Essex. Dentalkind has a team of qualified and experienced dentists offering honest and ethical dental advice and treatments to suit your needs, all under one roof for your convenience. Visit for more information.

Blasting Dental Plaque With Microbubbles

Whether through an accident or a disease, teeth loss can cause many inconveniences. Dental implants such as crowns, however, have allowed people to overcome most of these and live a better quality of life.

But just like normal teeth, these dental implants require proper care and oral hygiene to prevent further complications, such as the inflammation of the tissues surrounding the implants. While the buildup of dental plaque sticks mainly to the crown, it also adheres to the exposed parts of the screw that holds the dental fixture in place, and these are much harder to clean because they contain microgrooves that make them fit better into the upper or lower jaw bones.

Hitoshi Soyama from Tohoku University and his team from Showa University in Japan conducted a study to look for better ways for dentists to remove this plaque and prevent complications. The team wanted to study the efficiency of a cavitating jet, where high-speed fluid is injected by a nozzle through water to create very tiny bubbles of vapor. When these bubbles collapse, they produce strong shockwaves that are able to remove contaminants.

The Cavitating Jet

The team compared the cleaning effect of a cavitating jet to that of a water jet, which has been used for a long time to remove plaque from dental implants to keep them clean. They grew a biofilm over three days within the mouths of four volunteers, then proceeded to clean that with the two different methods, measuring the amount of plaque remaining at several time intervals.

While there was little difference between the amounts of dental plaque removed by both methods after one minute of cleaning, that changed after longer exposure. After three minutes, the cavitating jet had removed about a third more plaque than the water jet did, leaving little plaque stuck to the implant at the end of the experiment. The cavitating jet was also able to remove the plaque not only from the root section of the screws, but also from the harder-to-reach crest section, though to a lesser extent.

“Conventional methods cannot clean plaques on the surface of dental implants very well, so this new method could give dentists a new tool to better manage these fixtures which are becoming more common,” says Soyama.

Previous research has shown that water flow exerts shear stress to remove the biofilm. In addition to this shear effect, the cavitating jet also produces a considerable force when the bubbles collapse that is able to remove particles from the biofilm and carry them away. The researchers suggest that the two processes probably work in synergy to make the cavitating jet superior to the water jet when cleaning the plaque off the irregular surface of dental implants.

The Fight Against Tooth Decay Gets Help With A New Smart Material

When patients go to the dentist to fill a cavity, they’re trying to solve a problem – not create a new one. But many dental patients get some bad news: bacteria can dig under their tooth-colored fillings and cause new cavities, called recurrent caries. These recurrent caries affect 100 million patients every year and cost an additional $34 billion to treat.

Now, a research collaboration between the Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Faculty of Dentistry, and the Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering at the University of Toronto has resulted in a novel way to minimize recurrent caries.

In a recent paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, professors Ben Hatton, Yoav Finer and Ph.D. student Cameron Stewart tackled the issue and proposed a novel solution: a filling material with tiny particles made by self-assembly of antimicrobial drugs, designed to stop bacteria in its tracks. These particles may solve one of the biggest problems with antibacterial filling materials: how do you store enough drug within the material to be effective for someone’s entire life?

Fighting Cavity-Causing Bacteria

“Adding particles packed with antimicrobial drugs to a filling creates a line of defense against cavity-causing bacteria,” says Hatton. “But traditionally there’s only been enough drug to last a few weeks. Through this research we discovered a combination of drugs and silica glass that organize themselves on a molecule-by-molecule basis to maximize drug density, with enough supply to last years.” This discovery of using antimicrobials which self-assemble means the team can pack 50 times as much of the bacteria-fighting drugs into the particles.

“We know very well that bacteria specifically attack the margins between fillings and the remaining tooth to create cavities,” says Finer. “Giving these materials an antimicrobial supply that will last for years could greatly reduce this problem.”

Looking ahead, the research team plans on testing these new drug-storing particles in dental fillings, monitoring their performance when attacked by bacteria and saliva in the complex environment in the mouth. With some fine-tuning, this new “smart” material could create a stronger filling and fewer trips to the dentist.

5 Different Types Of Braces And Which Is Right For You

Are you thinking of getting braces?

Well luckily for you, this is the perfect time to get braces due to the various options that are available nowadays to straighten your teeth as compared to the traditional metal braces that were available a couple of years back. There is a vast variety of braces available that are great improvements of the traditional metal braces making it easy for you to tackle various orthodontic problems that you may face.

If you’re not familiar with orthodontics then all these choices can be confusing initially. The best way to clear this up is by prioritizing what’s important to you in your treatment.

5 Types Of Braces Available

  1. Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are similar to traditional metal braces with the exception of the brackets and the wires being installed at the back of your teeth. The installation and maintenance can be a bit tough due to the positioning of it but it will serve its purpose. Due to its unique placement and installation process, it usually costs a bit more and can be a bit strenuous to wear initially, but this is best for people who want to maintain an aesthetic appearance of their mouths.

  1. Ceramic Braces

These braces have different kinds of names, some of which are aesthetic braces, tooth-colored braces, porcelain braces or clear braces. Ceramic braces are the same as traditional metal braces with the sole exception that they are designed to blend in with your natural tooth color, making them less visible.

Ceramic braces are a great choice for adults or teens who want to minimize the appearance of their braces. These types of braces will give you a cosmetic experience while wearing braces. These types of braces are much more likely to break than their traditional counterparts so it is not recommended to have these types of braces installed when a lot of pressure is needed to move your teeth.

  1. Self-Ligating Braces

These types of braces are currently very popular with orthodontists as it requires less dental visits and gentler treatment. Self-ligating braces produce quicker results as the teeth move without needing to be adjusted. This type of movement asserts less pressure and friction on your teeth, making it less painful for your gums. Fewer trips to your dentist will cost you less money and less time.

  1. Invisalign Braces

These are a clear kind of braces that you can opt for instead of metal braces. They are made up of clear plastic aligners that are similar to mouth guards which have been specially designed for your mouth. Invisalign aligners can be removed when eating, brushing and cleaning but you will need to switch out your aligner every fortnight. Each new aligner is designed to increase the adjustment of your teeth more and more.

Aligners are generally recommended by an orthodontist for ongoing use after finishing your orthodontic treatment. These aligners will maintain your teeth’s positions till they have settled into their intended positions.

  1. Traditional Metal Braces

Traditional braces are made of high-grade stainless steel and have metal brackets that are attached to each tooth using a kind of cement. These brackets are then connected with one another with a thin archwire. This will put pressure on your teeth to move slowly into their intended positions.

The archwires are connected to the brackets with tiny elastics which are known as ligatures or o-rings which will be switched out each time your dentist tightens your braces. Traditional metal braces are still the most common braces in use today and are both an excellent and practical option for people who suffer from complicated tooth and jaw problems.

You have a wide variety of braces to choose from nowadays and are no longer limited to the large metal braces that have adorned every crooked set of teeth and been the object of ridicule for close to five decades now. Whatever your age, if you need braces now, there is a much wider variety to choose from.

Author Bio:

Sharon Williams’ day job is to handle digital marketing for Koch Orthodontics in Loganville, GA. With a flair for creating compelling content that clears the clutter and connects with the audience in an instant, she writes about dental topics to educate and help her readers. She truly believes that a genuine smile can win a million hearts and talks to her readers about improving their smiles and overall dental health, as well as enhancing their overall lifestyle. In her free time, she likes to organize small meets in her neighbourhood where she brings people together to discuss various topics that she writes about.

Orthodontic Treatment: How To Reduce The Risk Of Periodontal Disease And Avoid Tooth Loss

Even with regular brushing, flossing and daily oral care, plaque can build up and harden to form what is known as tartar, as well as increase the risk for gum disease and cavities. Orthodontic treatment can help improve the form and function of your teeth and gums, and treat oral problems caused by improper positioning of teeth, decay, overbites, and underbites.

In the early stage of gum disease, also known as gingivitis, it is possible to reverse the damage and, in certain cases, it is also possible to eliminate the disease completely. However, an early diagnosis and timely intervention are vital to reducing the chances of gingivitis and prevent it from progressing into periodontal disease.

Factors That Increase The Risk Of Periodontal Disease 

  • Lack of Oral Hygiene

Neglecting the importance of good dental care leads to poor oral hygiene. Moreover, failure to floss and brush regularly, and the inability to keep up with regular dental visits, leaves you susceptible to periodontal disease.

  • Smoking and Chewing Tobacco

The link between cancer and tobacco consumption is long established, but did you know that smoking and chewing tobacco also increase the risk of heart disease, lung disease and gum disease? Not only does tobacco consumption give rise to gum infections, but it also increases the chance of gingivitis gradually developing into periodontitis.

  • Family History

If gingivitis runs in your family, it leaves you vulnerable to developing gingivitis. According to research published by the American Academy of Periodontology, 30% of the population is genetically predisposed to gingivitis if close family members are suffering from this oral condition.

  • Hormonal Fluctuations

Hormonal changes occurring during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause affect all the tissues of the body including gum tissues, so if you experience increased gum sensitivity, it may be an underlying sign of gradually developing gum disease. Pay special attention to your daily oral care and visit a dentist for an early diagnosis.

  • Certain Drugs

Certain medicines that are prescribed for treating depression, various heart conditions, and convulsions can adversely affect your oral health, so if you are on any medication, make sure your dentist knows about it.

  • Stress

Stress impairs your immunity and leaves you vulnerable to oral infections. Whether your stress is caused by work or triggered by personal issues, it contributes to teeth clenching,  which causes tissue damage and aggravates impending gum disease.

  • Crooked and Misaligned Teeth

Overlapping and crooked teeth are a challenge to clean, increasing the risk of cavities and gingivitis.

  • Poor Nutrition

A daily diet that lacks in essential vitamins and nutrients takes a toll on the immune system making it difficult to ward off infections. Excessive intake of sugary foods and sweet beverages causes the build-up of plaque which eventually triggers gum disease.

How Orthodontic Treatment Helps Cure Periodontal Disease

Braces are designed to correct teeth alignment issues and improve the health of teeth and gums. Whether your teeth are misaligned or you have crowding issues, braces can gradually alter the position and spacing of teeth, improve their stability, and decrease the risk of gum disease caused by crowded, uneven teeth. An ideal candidate for braces can be of any age, however, the orthodontic treatment approach will vary depending on the time when the braces are used.

Braces can not only align the adjacent teeth and close small gaps but also open up the unsightly space left by missing teeth and make more room for a restoration procedure. Braces also work to prevent the surrounding teeth from shifting into the space created by missing teeth and help prevent many oral problems.

Invisalign Aligners – An Ideal Option For Those Who Have Periodontal Disease

While braces efficiently straighten crooked teeth, they could have complications especially if you are suffering from gum disease. Periodontal disease is caused by plaque build-up which weakens the gum tissues and eventually erodes the surrounding bone structure, but it can be brought under control using clear aligners. Invisalign aligners minimize gum infection flare-ups and are especially beneficial for patients suffering from gum disease as they can be easily removed for brushing and flossing.

Orthodontic treatment can also correct oral problems arising in patients with missing teeth. It can also close a gap that is created is missing teeth using braces, if the tooth is not to be replaced.

Author Bio: 

Emily Taylor found the perfect fit for herself as the online marketing manager at Thurman Orthodontics in Fresno CA as she believes that a great smile does more than just make a person look great – it makes them feel great as well. The power of a smile has always been a mystery to Emily and she loves researching and writing about it. She loves to write about everything to do with a healthy bite and a beautiful smile – whether is it ways to achieve it or the importance of it in the various aspects of life. What brings a big smile on Emily’s face is her family and surfing. She also likes to bake for her children and co-workers – they call her the cookie fairy!

Natural Antibiotics For Tooth Infections

The pain that comes with an infected tooth is some of the worst pain that you can experience. Due to the fact that there are hundreds of nerve endings in your mouth and gums, an infected tooth can sometimes lead to excruciating amounts of pain. The pain can sometimes magnify and creep up to the head causing full-on, throbbing headaches in addition to the tooth and jaw pain. Aside from the fact that any infection, no matter where it occurs, should be looked at and tended to immediately, tooth infections are especially important. But the good news is, you don’t have to shell out a bunch of money on antibiotics and a dentist visit just to heal it. Here are some of the top natural antibiotics for tooth infections.


You can use fresh leaves or you can use the oil form of cloves in order to treat a tooth infection. Cloves contain one of the most potent anti-inflammatory agents within it, which makes it great for the swelling and puffiness that comes with an infected tooth. It also is high in antioxidant and antibacterial properties, which means that it helps to clean the infected area upon contact. Clove has naturally occurring eugenol, which is a phenylpropene that helps to increase the helpful elements of the herb. Try grinding the leaves into a paste, add some coconut oil and put it directly on the infected tooth. If you are using clove oil, add two drops into warm water and gargle it twice a day, concentrating specifically on the area of your mouth that’s infected.


One of the most effective treatments for inflammation and bacteria, your tooth will start to heal upon its first contact with turmeric. The yellow powder is a natural antibiotic for toothaches specifically because of its pain-relieving properties. Just a small dab of the powder, mixed with water can be applied with a Q-tip or a cotton ball right on the affected area. This will help to mitigate the swelling and also provide you with some relief from the pain that accompanies these types of infections. Let the turmeric sit for a couple of minutes and then rinse mouth out with warm water.

Colloidal Silver

Known as a preeminent compound that effectively fights infections, colloidal silver can be taken for a number of issues stemming from viruses or bacterial latent infections. If you are suffering from an infection, this is the perfect option for you. Add a few drops of colloidal silver into some water, add a few drops of oregano oil, another powerful antibacterial oil, and rinse your mouth with it at least twice a day. You can also ingest colloidal silver separately. Six to eight drops in water can be taken ever four to six hours. This helps increase the body’s ability to fight off the infection from the inside out.

Hydrogen Peroxide

The same way this liquid disinfects and protects your nicks and cuts is the same way it will help to protect and heal your tooth infection. Just a couple of drops on a Q-tip or cotton ball will do the trick. Make sure to rinse your mouth out with water afterwards.

Try the all-natural liquid toothpaste with a handcrafted blend of 100% pure cold pressed botanical almond, spearmint and carefully-aged peppermint oils. It naturally helps clean your teeth and gums by eliminating bacteria-causing germs and plaque while leaving you with fresh breath.

What Causes TMJ Disorder And How To Cure It

TMJ or temporomandibular joint disease is caused when there is stress on the joint connecting the skull and the jaw, affecting its functioning. This joint is responsible for controlling the facial and jaw muscles while eating, talking or moving the jaw upwards, downwards or sideways.

When this joint faces trauma or stress of any kind, you will experience pain near the jaw, neck, head and ears. Grinding of teeth and misalignment of upper and lower teeth also causes this disorder. TMJ disorder treatment is based on what caused it in the first place. Let us understand more about TMJ, how you can identify and treat it.

Characteristics Of TMJ Disorder

Identifying different TMJ symptoms is the first step to begin treatment. Some identifiable characteristics of the disorder include:

– Mild or sharp pain in the jaw muscles during eating/chewing or speaking, with the pain extending to the ear, shoulders, neck and even arms.

– Inability to open the mouth widely or the jaw getting locked or stuck in an open or closed mouth position. A clicking or popping sound when you open or close the jaw or while eating is one of the major signs of TMJ disease.

– One or both sides of the face can swell up significantly.

– You may find it difficult to bite or chew due to the misalignment of the upper and lower teeth caused by TMJ disorder.

– Regular occurrence of headaches, earaches, neck pain, toothaches, hearing problem and constant ringing in your ears.

– In certain cases, some people even face trouble while speaking and pronouncing certain words.

Causes Of TMJ Disorder

TMJ disorder can be caused due to numerous reasons. Some are enlisted below:

Typical causes:

  • Degenerative Arthritis

When there are excessive compressive forces acting upon the temporomandibular joint along with chronically tight muscles while biting and chewing, the joint breaks under the pressure. It is a slow and prolonged process, instead of a one-time event. The jaw muscles have to be retrained through treatment to come to a normal and low tension state.

  • Misalignment Of Upper And Lower Jaw Bone

When the upper and lower jaw bones do not fit in place properly, it puts additional stress on the jaw while chewing or even talking. Moreover, this leads to bruxism as the jaw constantly tries to fit itself in a rest position by grinding the teeth. This misalignment eventually causes TMJ disorder and a locked jaw.

  • Muscular soreness

Tight facial and jaw muscles eventually develop muscle fatigue. You feel this fatigue as a mild or severe burn. The constant pressure on the jaw as a result of tight muscles leads to TMJ disease.

Atypical Causes:

  • Automobile accidents

Whiplash is a common injury in automobile accidents. This occurs when your head and neck suddenly snap forward during an accident. When this happens, your head is thrown faster than your muscles have the time to relax, which often result in it moving faster than your jaw. After the movement stops, your jaw can have some residual energy that has the potential to cause a hard impact into your skull. Even if you escape the accident with just a few scratches, do not ignore the headaches or pain in the jaw as it can be a TMJ syndrome.

  • Contact sports

Sports such as boxing, wrestling or any other kind of martial arts involve potential blows to the face. The repetitive hits, punches and constant impact of gloves, fists or arms to the face can dislodge the jaw and seriously affect the temporomandibular joint and the adjoining muscles and cartilages. It is always advised for the players to use a mouth guard to minimize the effects of oral injuries.

  • Stress

It may sound like an unlikely culprit, but stress does lead to TMJ disorder. Many people have the habit of clenching or grinding the teeth during stressful times, which does serious harm to the jaw. The next time you find yourself in a stressful situation, make a conscious effort not to clench your jaw.

How To Cure TMJ Disorder Efficiently

Some of the most efficient cures include:

  1. Mouth Guard

Bruxism or grinding of teeth is one of the primary reasons for TMJ disorder. To address this problem, most dentists recommend their patients to wear a mouth guard. It is a silicone or plastic cover worn over teeth. It curbs the action of involuntarily grinding the teeth in your sleep. You can buy a generic mouth guard from any medical or even sports store, since these guards are extensively used in several contact sports such as martial arts, wrestling, and boxing. You can also get a guard that is custom molded for your teeth at the dentist’s office. Though this is an expensive option, it offers better results as compared to a generic one.

  1. Hot/Cold Packs

Hot and cold packs come in quite handy when your jaw hurts. Use a cold pack when there is a sharp pain. You can repeat the procedure after an hour if it still persists. If the pain is dull and mild, use hot packs. A warm towel should also do the trick. This will relieve the muscle tightness by increasing the blood circulation. This cure can easily be done at any place – so if you don’t have medication by your side, reach out for hot/cold packs to alleviate the pain.

  1. Proper diet

When your jaw is already hurting, it is best to avoid food products that are hard in texture. It puts a lot of pressure and strain on the jaw muscles and joint. Opt for a softer diet when there is intense pain and during medication. However, a softer diet doesn’t mean you compromise on the nutrition. Eat a well-balanced, yet soft diet. Additionally, drink lots of fluids as dehydration can cause tightness of the face muscles which increase the pain.

Shen Chao is part of Dr. Joshua Hong’s Smile Clinic. While working for the Smile Clinic, he’s gained first-hand experience into the questions and concerns that dental patients have. He has been writing to inform people about various dental topics to help his readers improve their oral health. When he’s not working, you can find him on a hiking trail with his dog or having a Sunday cook-out with friends. 

Natural Oral Thrush Treatments

Not only is oral thrush really gross to look at, suffering from it is even worse. It’s considered candida of the mouth and can be downright painful. While many would assume that they should go get an antibiotic meant for this type of candida, many strains are actually resistant to those types of drugs, making it especially difficult to treat. Thankfully there are safe and natural ways that oral thrush can be treated. The overgrowth of candida can cause a white tongue, bad breath and an overall weakened immune system. Here are some of the ways it can be controlled and eliminated.


This is a treatment and preventative measure that you should consider including in your daily regimen. Many studies have shown that cinnamon, when taken as a supplement, helps to lessen and even eliminate the overgrowth of candida. It has intrinsic anticandidal compounds that help to treat the onset of oral thrush. You can take this spice in capsule form or you can incorporate it into the foods that you eat. Try sprinkling it in your oatmeal or onto apple slices.

Oil Of Oregano

This strong oil has a myriad of properties that make it great for getting rid of oral thrush and strengthening the immune system. It is anti-fungal, antiviral and antibacterial. Try adding a few drops of the oil to warm water and using it as a gargle twice a day. Leave it in your mouth for at least two full minutes, which gives it adequate time to make contact with all the parts of your mouth that are affected by candida. You can use this method for up to 10 days at a time. You’ll likely start to see a difference in the thrush appearance after a couple of days.

Milk Thistle

Its main function is to assist your body in cleaning out your liver. Due to its detoxification components, it’s a great supplement to take if you are trying to get rid of a candida overgrowth. It helps to rid the body of toxins and pollutants. Heavy metals also don’t stand a chance against milk thistle. It helps to completely reset your system and drain it of the remnants of toxins likely feeding the yeast in the first place. Take one to two a day with a meal.

Myrrh Oil

Known to kill both fungi and parasites, myrrh oil is one of the strongest and mightiest oils in existence. A study completed in 2012 found that the presence of myrrh oil combined with sodium fluoride exhibited activity that was anti fungal, thus making it effective for issues like oral thrush. You can add a couple of drops of the oil to your salt water gargle and use it at least twice a day. This option will also stimulate your immune system’s response to such attacks related to fungus and bacteria.

Try the all-natural liquid toothpaste with a handcrafted blend of 100% pure cold pressed botanical almond, spearmint and carefully-aged peppermint oils. It naturally helps clean your teeth and gums by eliminating bacteria-causing germs and plaque while leaving you with fresh breath.


New Dental Imaging Method Uses Squid Ink To Fish For Gum Disease

Squid ink might be a great ingredient to make black pasta, but it could also one day make getting checked for gum disease at the dentist less tedious and even painless. By combining squid ink with light and ultrasound, a team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego has developed a new dental imaging method to examine a patient’s gums that is non-invasive, more comprehensive and more accurate than the state of the art.

“The last time I was at the dentist, I realized that the tools that are currently being used to image teeth and gums could use significant updating,” said Jesse Jokerst, a nanoengineering professor at UC San Diego and senior author of the study.

Pocket Depth Measuring

The conventional method for dentists to assess gum health is to use an instrument called a periodontal probe – a thin, hook-like metal tool that’s marked like a tiny measuring stick and inserted in between the teeth and gums to see whether and how much the gums have shrunk back from the teeth, creating pockets. This method of measuring pocket depth is the gold standard used in dentistry. A pocket depth measuring one to two millimeters indicates healthy gums while three millimeters and deeper is a sign of gum disease. The deeper the pockets, the more severe the gum disease.

However, procedures using the periodontal probe are invasive, uncomfortable and sometimes painful for the patient. Measurements can also vary greatly between dentists, and the probe is only capable of measuring the pocket depth of one spot at a time.

In a paper published on Sept. 7, 2017 in the Journal of Dental Research, Jokerst and his team at UC San Diego introduced an innovative method that can image the entire pocket depth around the teeth consistently and accurately, without requiring any painful poking and prodding.

“Using the periodontal probe is like examining a dark room with just a flashlight and you can only see one area at a time. With our method, it’s like flipping on all the light switches so you can see the entire room all at once,” Jokerst said.

Ultrasound Detection

The method begins by rinsing the mouth with a paste made of commercially available food-grade squid ink mixed with water and cornstarch. The squid-ink-based rinse serves as a contrast agent for an imaging technique called photoacoustic ultrasound. This involves shining a light signal – usually a short laser pulse – onto a sample, which heats up and expands, generating an acoustic signal that researchers can analyze. “Light in, sound out,” Jokerst said.

Squid ink naturally contains melanin nanoparticles, which absorb light. During the oral rinse, the melanin nanoparticles get trapped in the pockets between the teeth and gums. When researchers shine a laser light onto the area, the squid ink heats up and quickly swells, creating pressure differences in the gum pockets that can be detected using ultrasound. This method enables researchers to create a full map of the pocket depth around each tooth – a significant improvement over the conventional method.

Researchers tested their photoacoustic imaging method in a pig model containing a mix of shallow and deep pockets in the gums. While their results closely matched measurements taken using a periodontal probe, they were also consistent across multiple tests. On the other hand, measurements with the periodontal probe varied significantly from one test to another. “It’s remarkable how reproducible this technique is compared to the gold standard,” Jokerst said.

Moving forward, the team will be collaborating with dentists and testing their method in humans. Future work also includes minimizing the taste of the squid ink oral rinse – it’s salty and somewhat bitter – and replacing laser lights with inexpensive, more portable light systems like LEDs. The team’s ultimate goal is to create a mouthpiece that uses this technology to measure periodontal health.

Treatment For Mouth Sores

Sometimes you may experience sores in your mouth that can be very painful and make it uncomfortable to eat or even talk. While some people may be more susceptible to dealing with and suffering from canker sores or mouth sores, these sores are a pretty ubiquitous issue and most people have had at least one in their life. Getting rid of those pesky sores can seem really difficult, especially if they happen to reside in random, hard-to-reach spots of the mouth. Here are some popular treatments for dealing with mouth sores.

Coconut Oil

This is a great treatment for canker sores or mouth ulcers because it has a pleasant, mild taste that won’t be jarring when it makes its way to your taste buds. The thing about treating sores in your mouth is that you’ll inevitably end up tasting whatever you use to coat the sore. Coconut oil is a great option because it’s antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and has a lovely texture. The oil’s components will help to eliminate the bacteria that can cause sores to grow and get worse, while also helping the sore to heal more rapidly.

Clove Oil

Clove oil is not as tasty as the coconut oil option but incredibly potent and effective. Putting a drop of clove oil on a Q-tip and dabbing it onto your canker sore will give you a nice tingly effect that even turns the area slightly numb. This is preferred to help with the pain and irritation that is often experienced when suffering from a canker sore. You may often find yourself rubbing your lip or tongue against it out of habit, which only further irritates it and increases pain. Clove oil, often used in many dental products, contains eugenol which is a powerful pain killer that will definitely help ease the discomfort.

Honey Rub
It’s best to use the most organic, raw honey that you can find. Due to the antibacterial nature of honey, this is another option that will delight your taste buds. The anti-inflammatory properties are also really effective in properly targeting what makes the sores in the mouth the most painful and difficult to treat. Just a little dab of the honey put directly on the sore should do the trick.

Aloe Vera

One of the most soothing entities in the natural care realm is aloe vera. It can be used for a myriad of things but most notably it is the common treatment option for a really bad sunburn. Its cooling and soothing effects can be incredibly beneficial to a hard to get rid of canker sore. It’s important to get the naturally existing gel, not the green kind that comes in a tube. The latter is usually laced with chemicals or other ingredients you don’t want to put in your mouth. Just a little bit of the gel placed on the sore will do the trick. Alternatively, you can put a teaspoon of the gel into some warm water and use it as a mouth rinse.

Try the all-natural liquid toothpaste with a handcrafted blend of 100% pure cold pressed botanical almond, spearmint and carefully-aged peppermint oils. It naturally helps clean your teeth and gums by eliminating bacteria-causing germs and plaque while leaving you with fresh breath.


Easy Treatments For Dry Mouth

A very common issue associated with age, medication and hydration is dry mouth. It can be hard to combat depending on the severity and the factors that contribute to it. For some, taking a sip of water can cure their dry mouth, for others, the reason for their mouth dryness comes from deeper issues. If you are suffering from this common annoyance, here are some easy treatments that you can do at home that are also completely safe and natural.

Increase Water Intake

One of the most prevalent causes of dry mouth is dehydration. When you consume enough water throughout the day, your body will be able to produce the normal amount of healthy fluids, one of which is saliva. Sometimes the standard eight glasses a day isn’t sufficient. Drinking at least half of your body weight in ounces is a more accurate recommendation. You should also eat many different water-based fruits and vegetables throughout the day.

Cayenne Pepper

This may seem counterintuitive to some. After all, wouldn’t spicy foods be the opposite of what you would want to consume if you were having a problem with dry mouth? Wouldn’t that in fact make the state of your mouth drier? Actually no, it’s the exact opposite. Cayenne pepper stimulates the production of saliva, which makes it one of the most effective remedies for dry mouth. It is also said to improve the state of your taste buds which makes it easier to distinguish certain tastes. Try adding a sprinkle to your dishes to promote your saliva glands.

Fennel Seeds

The reason that these specific types of seeds are so effective in helping with dry mouth is because they contain flavonoids that naturally increase the production of saliva in the mouth. So if you are used to munching on sunflower seeds or nuts, this is an easy substitute that will also help to aid your dry mouth. You can munch on them several times a day to help treat the dryness in your mouth. Try roasting them in a pan and add a little bit of salt to taste.

Oil Pulling

Oil pulling is a very popular, ancient practice that has a numerous amount of benefits associated with it. It can help keep your mouth moist, kill bacteria that leads to bad breath and mouth sores, and also help to whiten teeth. There are a few different types of oil that can be used for this practice; most choose from coconut oil, sesame oil or avocado oil. Put a tablespoon of the oil into your mouth and swish it around for 15 to 30 seconds. Spit out the oil and then rinse out your mouth with warm water. This helps to provide your mouth with adequate saliva production.

Aloe Vera

One of the most versatile natural entities is aloe vera. It’s pure gel form can be used in many different ways. Often used for bad sunburns, it can treat the occurrence of dry mouth by enhancing the taste buds – which also protects and activates the sensitive tissue in the mouth. You can drink aloe vera juice, which is found in health food stores, a few times a day.

Try the all-natural liquid toothpaste with a handcrafted blend of 100% pure cold pressed botanical almond, spearmint and carefully-aged peppermint oils. It naturally helps clean your teeth and gums by eliminating bacteria-causing germs and plaque while leaving you with fresh breath.