Comedones Whiteheads and blackheads occur when the openings of hair follicles become plugged with sebum and dead skin cells.
- Papules are small raised bumps from inflammation in the hair follicles; they may be flesh colored or red and tender.
- Pustules are red spots with white pus at the center.
- Nodules are large, solid, painful, tender lumps beneath the surface of the skin, without opening to air; they are formed of the buildup of sebum and dead skin cells deep within hair follicles.
- Cysts are painful, tender lumps of pus beneath the skins surface; these have the most potential for scarring.
Even after the skin responds to treatment and may clear entirely, medication is usually continued to prevent new breakouts. In some cases, a topical medication is used on vulnerable skin regions. Oral contraceptives or other treatments may be recommended by your doctor. Other acne-prevention tips include:
- Wash acne-prone areas no more than twice a day to remove excess sebum and dead skin cells. Use a gentle cleanser and oil-free, water-based skin care products.
- Use an over-the-counter acne cream or gel to help dry excess oil, with products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
- Avoid heavy or greasy cosmetics; powders, rather than creams, are less irritating.
- Remove makeup before bed, to avoid clogging tiny openings of hair follicles. Discard old makeup and clean cosmetic brushes and applicators regularly.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing to avoid trapping heat and moisture in areas of friction against the skin.
- Shower after exercising and strenuous work, when oil and sweat may trap dirt and bacteria on the skin.
The best step to healthier skin starts with avoiding potentially harmful chemicals and using 100% pure ingredients instead.
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