The condition of suffering from tonsil stones is medically referred to as tonsilloiths. It is a direct result of calcification, as the accumulation of calcium salts can gather in the pockets and crevices of tonsils. Peculiarly enough, even after tonsils are removed, tonsil stones may still occur. When the tonsils get filled with mucus, dead skin cells, food and bacteria, this is the perfect breeding ground for tonsil stones to fester. The remnants often calcify and thus turn into annoying and uncomfortable tonsil stones.
The main function of tonsils is to aid the immune system in the body. They achieve this by defending against viruses and bacteria that enter in your body through the throat. There are quite a few reasons as to why tonsil stones are formed in the body. If you do not brush your teeth properly, food particles will remain in your mouth and will allow bacteria to grow. If the growth increases significantly, this bacteria can reach the tonsil glands and lead to formation of stones. Other than the teeth, food particles can also get stuck in your throat and contribute towards stone formation.
Tonsil stones primarily occur and can be found at the roof of the mouth or back of the throat. They are often white or the color of mucus. Chronic sufferers report that tonsil stones are uncomfortable and can cause sore throat, chronic bad breath and tonsillitis. However, some dont even realize they are tonsil stone sufferers. The easiest way to combat this issue is to be vigilant with oral care. The less likely excess food and debris is to get stuck on your tonsils, the less likely you are to develop these tonsil stones.
If your mouth remains dry, then you are also prone to the formation of tonsil stones. If not enough saliva is produced, your mouth will not remain clean, and may once again give rise to bacteria and eventually tonsil stones. Whatever the cause, the tonsils are generally removed, however, this does not have a significant effect on the immune system and the person's body is still capable of defending from foreign bodies.
There are several home-based treatments that can help tonsil stones that you can use solely if your condition is not severe or in conjunction with other treatment plans which your doctor recommends. Oral hygiene is incredibly imperative, as those who neglect to scrape the back of their tongue are more susceptible to food particles not being fully digested and sticking to the walls of tonsils. Regular teeth brushing is crucial and will help dislodge food bits from in between teeth and gums.
Gargling salt water is another suggestion that helps eliminate the bacteria in the back of the throat that often helps aid tonsil stones. Increasing your water intake will also potentially help prevent those pesky stones. Get ample rest, do not participate in anything that may cause tiredness or fatigue, and try to sleep for more than eight hours. Avoid speaking too much since tonsil stones can affect your voice in some cases. Eat food that can help soothe your sore throat such as coffee or hot cocoa. Use a humidifier so that your room does not become dry enough, which can alleviate sore throat and decrease your pain. Stay away from smoke, dust and other things that can irritate your throat. Take medicines which can relieve you of the pain. If along with tonsil stones you are suffering from fever as well, treatment with drugs is an option.
Your doctor will prescribe certain medications, particularly if bacterial infection is the cause of your disease. In most cases, these medications will usually be antibiotics. A common name among these is penicillin, which has to be taken for almost 10 days. Even if your symptoms disappear, you will still have to take antibiotics throughout the time period for which your doctor prescribed them. If you fail to do so, your symptoms can worsen and several complications can arise such as kidney inflammation and rheumatic fever.
Surgery is the last treatment option for tonsils. Your doctor will consider it only when other treatment plans fail to produce effective results. If your stone formation is frequent, then your doctor will suggest surgery, which is usually referred to as a tonsillectomy.
A tonsillectomy is conducted when you have been given a dose of anesthesia. A tube is passed through the nose into the cavity so that a person can easily breathe during the process. Surgery is performed through the mouth, which is kept open with a tool. A laser or another heated instrument is guided to where the tonsil stones are located, which are then cut away. The entire procedure is finished in just about an hour. You can be allowed to go home on the same day, but you will be fully recovered in about 14 days.
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