Cilantro also known as coriander is an herb that brings added flavor to dishes such as fish, chicken, lamb, pork and shellfish. It also goes great with rice, peppers, guacamole, salsas, salads, tomatoes and lentils.
But its not used just for cooking and eating. Cilantro was used in ancient Greece as a component of perfume, was used by the Romans to mask the smell of rotten meat, and is a natural cleansing agent effective with heavy metals.
Coriander seeds are used in traditional Indian medicine as a diuretic. In holistic and traditional medicine it is used as a digestive aid. James A. Duke, Ph.D., a former botanist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and author of The CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, cites the digestive-system-promoting benefits of cilantro and recommends drinking a cup of the tea made from a handful of the leaves when experiencing any form of stomach discomfort.
Coriander has been documented as a traditional treatment for Type 2 diabetes, according to Wikipedia. Coriander seeds were also found to have a significant hypolipidaemic effect on rats resulting in lowering levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides and increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein.
Research conducted by The Dental School of Piracicaba in Brazil found cilantro oil to be a new natural antifungal formulation opportunity. The School of Life Science in Tamil Nadu, India noted, after researching the anti-diabetic activity of cilantro, the leaves and stem, if used in cuisine would be a remedy for diabetes.
Cilantro seed oil possesses antioxidative and antihyperglycemic properties, and consumption may decrease oxidative stress. It has also been examined and described to have a blood-sugar lowering effect. Other benefits include strong antioxidant activity and demonstrated antibacterial activity. Cilantro has also been shown to have anti-anxiety effects, has demonstrated anti-fungal activity, may help improve sleep quality, and may be able to help prevent cardiovascular damage.
Learn more about cilantro and coriander
Find out more about James A. Duke and the CRC Press