Around 70 percent of people at some time in their lives develop gum disease - and swollen gums plays a part in this problem. Swollen gums and gum disease are caused by bacterial build-up on the teeth and gums. This bacterial increase may be made worse by a couple of different things, which may include poor oral hygiene you should be brushing, flossing and using a mouthwash at least twice a day; failure to clean teeth regularly; cancer and other pre-existing health conditions that can affect your immune system; hormonal shifts in women, especially during pregnancy and menopause; smoking and tobacco use; and high sugar intake in the diet.
It is common for girls to have swollen gums during menstruation, menopause or pregnancy. Moreover, people suffering from hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism also get swollen gums on a frequent basis. If you are going through any kind of hormonal changes ask your nurse to refer the right medical doctor for you.
Peer pressure, exam stress and relationship breakups are a few examples of psychological stress. It is related to the nervous system which controls and may affect any part of your body. Stress can cause swollen gums, mouth ulcers, hormonal variations, and heart disease. If your gums start swelling every time exams come near, then its not a dentists call. You may need to overcome your stress or consult a psychologist.
Of course, swollen gums can be the cause of gum diseases like periodontitis and gingivitis. This is the time when you really need to see your dentist. But how would you know if you are suffering from any gum disease? This brings us to the requisites of a good oral hygiene program which requires you to visit your dentist at least twice a year.
Lack of certain vitamins and nutrients also cause the gums to swell - vitamin C and vitamin D being the most important among them. Nutritional deficiencies weaken the immune system and the dental tissues thereby making it difficult for them to fight off bacteria and diseases. Swollen gums may also be the result of an adverse reaction to a medicine. People taking routine medications for blood pressure or diabetes mostly suffer from inflamed and swollen gums.
There are also some other factors that may cause swollen gums in children. First and foremost is their attraction to candy and ice cream. Dental bacteria are highly stimulated by sugary stuff. This attraction coupled with a childs habit of brushing quickly leaves remnants of sugar on the teeth. This causes the bacteria to create cavities and cause infection. Kids suffering from Kindler syndrome also have swollen gums.
Do not run to your dentist every time your gums start swelling. If its not a dental issue, then you will end up having a non-routine professional cleaning or a sound lecture on oral care practices. Keep yourself aware of different symptoms and causes, and then make an appointment with the required medical professional.
So How And Why Do You Treat Them?
Your gums may become swollen and irritated when bacteria are flourishing in your mouth and early stage gum disease, known as gingivitis, may be starting.
Swollen gums may make your mouth feel a little uncomfortable and you will generally notice them when you brush or floss your teeth. Often when gums are swollen, they will begin to bleed after brushing or flossing. If you notice this, then you should visit your dentist in order to have them do a thorough check-up and ensure that there is no sign of gum disease developing.
Swollen gums may be an indication that gum disease is starting. Your gums are an integral part of your dental health as they are vital for supporting your teeth and keeping them in place. If the gums become diseased, then this undermines the support they offer your teeth. When it becomes advanced, people can often lose their natural teeth as a result of gum disease.
Experts have also identified that gum disease can be linked to other major health problems such as heart disease. For this reason it is very important to protect your oral health and act quickly if you notice swollen gums at any stage.
Swollen gums are an indication that your oral health is not what it should be. If you choose to ignore this sign instead of going to the dentist for a check-up, then you risk developing advanced gum disease, which can cause serious dental health problems. If you think you are taking proper care of your dental needs just by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly, then I am afraid you are wrong. A good oral hygiene program also requires regular dental checkups and professional cleanings. Even a slight ignorance on your part may cause swollen gums which are painful and discomforting to deal with.