The study Socioeconomic Gradients In Consumption Of Whole Fruit And 100% Fruit Juice Among U.S. Children And Adults - analyzed data from two cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2007 and 2010. It is the first of its kind to evaluate whole fruit and 100% juice consumption.
- Childrens consumption of 100% fruit juice was well below the amount (4-6 ounces per day) recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Children 4-13-years of age consumed less than one-half cup of juice per day (3.75 ounces).
- Children and adolescents consumed less than one-half of a cup of 100% juice per day, whereas older adults consumed less than one-third of a cup.
- The typical pattern of fruit consumption for all age groups was two parts whole fruit to one part 100% juice. Overall, Americans consumed more whole fruit than 100% juice.
- Whole fruit consumption among adults was tied to education and incomes. Those least likely to consume whole fruit were adults with low-incomes and non-Hispanic blacks. Those groups made up the fruit shortfall with 100% juice.
Fruit juice helped improve total fruit consumption and did not displace whole fruit in the diet, said Dr. Adam Drewnowski, lead author of the study and Director, Center of Public Health Nutrition and professor of epidemiology in the Nutritional Sciences Program at the University of Washington, Seattle. The social gradient was stronger for whole fruit than it was for 100% fruit juice. Dietary guidelines to increase total fruit need to take added costs into account. Using 100% juice as well as whole fruit can help level the economic playing field to meet the guidelines can level the playing field for all economic levels.