Gum boils are a generic term that refers to various types of swelling or tissue overgrowth that occurs in the mouth. Gum boils may be fluid filled or made of solid, fibrous gum tissue. Color may appear normal or the gum boil area can appear red and raw.
Types Of Gum Boils
What causes gum boils? Gum boils have different causes and variations. They may also be called tumors. Knowing what causes gum boils in your mouth can help you treat them appropriately.
- Gum overgrowth may be due to a side effect of prescription medications, ill-fitting dentures, or wearing braces. These are probably the most common forms of gum boils.
- A common form of gum tumor is a pregnancy tumor on the gums, induced by hormone levels during pregnancy. These quickly go away after the pregnancy is completed and hormone levels return to normal.
- Congenital gum boils may be present at birth.
- Dental abscesses due to severe decay and infection of the tooth nerve may appear as a boil on the gums.
- Boils caused from severe periodontal disease are present when oral hygiene and plaque levels are poor.
Signs And Symptoms Of Gum Boils
Gum boils in the mouth may appear in several different forms:
- Swollen, hard areas of fibrous tissue
- Soft, swollen fluid-filled blisters
- Light pink
- Dark red
- No bleeding, lack of blood supply
- Bleeding during oral hygiene
Dangers And Health Risks
Gum boils may be completely benign or they may be a signal that there is serious infection in your mouth. Most benign gum boils do not have any symptoms such as tenderness or bleeding, while those with symptoms tend to be associated with severe dental infections. If left untreated the infections such as those associated with dental abscesses can spread through the body and increase risks for cardiovascular disease, other systemic diseases, or in rare cases, brain abscesses.
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