Written By Ashley Kinsela / Reviewed By Ray Spotts
Glaucoma is a collection of eye diseases that affect the optic nerve, which is essential for good vision. Excessively high pressure in your eye is often the source of this damage. Though it is more common in the elderly, glaucoma can strike anyone at any age. Many types of glaucoma have no symptoms.
The effect is so slow, you may not even detect a change in vision until the condition has progressed significantly.
Reasons for Glaucoma
The injury to the optic nerve causes glaucoma. Blind patches form in your visual field when this nerve deteriorates. This nerve injury is frequently linked to increased ocular pressure for reasons that doctors don't completely understand.
Types Of Glaucoma
There are several types of glaucoma that you need to familiarize yourself with. Below, you will go through a detailed list of the glaucoma types.
Glaucoma with an open angle
The most prevalent type of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma. The trabecular meshwork is partially occluded, yet the drainage angle formed by the cornea and iris remains open. As a result, the pressure in the eye steadily rises. The optic nerve is harmed by this pressure.
It happens so slowly that you can lose your vision before you even realize there's a problem.
Angle-closure glaucoma, also known as closed-angle glaucoma, is a condition in which the iris bulges forward, narrowing or blocking the drainage angle created by the cornea and iris. Fluid cannot circulate through the eye, and the pressure rises.
People with small drainage angles are more likely to develop angle-closure glaucoma. Angle-closure glaucoma can develop quickly or gradually. Glaucoma with acute angle-closure is a medical emergency.
Glaucoma with a normal intraocular pressure
Your optic nerve is injured with normal-tension glaucoma even though your eye pressure is within the usual range. No one knows why this is the case. It's possible that you have a sensitive optic nerve or that your optic nerve isn't getting enough blood.
Atherosclerosis, or the accumulation of fatty deposits (plaque) in the arteries, or other disorders that affect circulation could blame the reduced blood flow.
Children with glaucoma
Glaucoma is a condition that can affect newborns and children. It might be present from birth or evolve over time. Drainage blockages or an underlying medical issue could cause optic nerve injury.
Glaucoma with pigmentation
Pigment granules from your iris build up in the ducts of your eye in pigmentary glaucoma, delaying or stopping fluid exiting your eye. Jogging can mix up pigment granules, causing them to lodge on the trabecular meshwork and producing occasional pressure increases.
Factors To Keep In Mind Before Doing Glaucoma Treatment
Because chronic types of glaucoma can cause vision loss before any symptoms or signs appear, be aware of the following risk factors:
- Internal eye pressure that is too high (intraocular pressure)
- Being over 60 years old
- Being black, Asian, or Hispanic has its advantages and disadvantages.
- Having a glaucoma family history in the past
- Diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and sickle cell anemia are examples of medical conditions.
- Having corneas with a narrow central layer
- Being excessively nearsighted or farsighted is a condition that affects a person's vision.
- If you've had an eye injury or certain types of eye surgery, you're at a higher risk.
- Long-term use of corticosteroid medicines, particularly eyedrops
With glaucoma treatments, you can prevent additional vision loss in the near future. If treated early, people will know more have vision loss and will see clearer. If glaucoma is detected early, it is highly recommended to do a complete eye checkup before it causes major damage.
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Ashley Kinsela is a knowledgeable and qualified blogger. Here you can see her skills which give you brief ideas on understanding all the concepts with different themes. She adores writing a blog on many topics like Home Improvement, Automotive, Business, Health, Lifestyle, Entertainment, Pets, etc.
Founder Ray Spotts has a passion for all things natural and has made a life study of nature as it relates to health and well-being. Ray became a forerunner bringing products to market that are extraordinarily effective and free from potentially harmful chemicals and additives. For this reason Ray formed Trusted Health Products, a company you can trust for clean, effective, and healthy products. Ray is an organic gardener, likes fishing, hiking, and teaching and mentoring people to start new businesses. You can get his book for free, “How To Succeed In Business Based On God’s Word,” at www.rayspotts.com.