Christmas Sale | Save up to 51% and get a free gift!

smoking

Study: Dental Research Shows That Smoking Weakens Immune Systems

Study: Dental Research Shows That Smoking Weakens Immune Systems

Researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine recently found that smoking also weakens the ability for pulp in teeth to fight illness and disease.In other words, smokers have fewer defense mechanisms on the inside of their teeth. That might explain why smokers have poorer endodontic outcomes and delayed healing than non-smokers, says Anita Aminoshariae, associate professor of endodontics and director of predoctoral endodontics. Imagine TNF-? and hBD-2 are among the soldiers in a last line of defense fortifying ...
Sale

Unavailable

Sold Out

Back to the top