Bacteria And Infection
Your body's natural reaction to plaque bacteria in the mouth is swollen gums, which causes them to become sore. Bacteria and gum infections like gum disease are the number one cause of sore gums.
When plaque sits on the teeth for around 24 hours, it calcifies into tartar. Tartar cannot be brushed off and harbors bacteria that cause gingivitis, resulting in sore gums around the areas of buildup.
Areas between teeth that abnormally collect food are especially prone to being sore, due to the constant packing each time you eat.
Failing Dental Work
Old fillings or crowns can allow bacteria to cling along the margins or seep into areas that are no longer protected, resulting in localized sore areas along the gums of these teeth.
Irregular Oral Care
Even skipping part of your oral care routine from time to time can allow tissue to become irritated from a buildup of bacteria. You should floss at least once per day and brush twice each day to prevent sore gums.
Occasionally there may be ingredients in toothpastes or oral care products that cause allergic reactions in the mouth. An example is sodium laurel sulphate (SLS), which can cause tissue sloughing.
Older or improperly-fitting dental appliances such as retainers, partial dentures or dentures can cause rubbing against oral tissues, creating irritation and soreness throughout the mouth.
Gums that produce pimple like sores are related to dental abscesses from extensive decay.
Erupting teeth cause sore gums in children and even in adults. Wisdom teeth may not be fully formed until close to age 30.
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