The almond is a nutritional powerhouse. Almonds are made up of approximately 21 percent protein, 50 percent fat, 22 percent carbohydrates, over half of which is fiber, and five percent water, making almond flour a popular choice for diabetics.
The almonds fatty acids are mainly unsaturated fats, with some saturated fats and no cholesterol. Specifically, almond oil has 4 to 9 percent palmitic acid, 0.9 to 3 percent stearic acid, 50 to 86 percent oleic acid and 20 to 30 percent linoleic acid. Of those, palmitic and stearic acid are saturated fatty acids, but compromise roughly less than 12 percent of the total fatty acids.
Linoleic acid, abundant in the almond, is an omega-6 fatty acid. While omega-3 fatty acids are better known for their health benefits, the diet and health of skin and hair require a balance of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. The American diet tends to contain a large amount of omega-6s, which can convert to the inflammatory arachidonic acid, especially when the source of them is meat. Plant sources of omega-6 fatty acids convert to gamma-linoleic acid, which is anti-inflammatory, before becoming arachidonic acid. The Mediterranean diet, which is recognized as an effective means of combating heart disease, is rich in plant sources of omega-6s, including almonds.
In addition to fatty acids, almonds contain the fat-soluble nutrients vitamin E, mostly as the potent antioxidant alpha-tocopherol, and vitamin A. B vitamins present in almonds include B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B6 and folate. Almonds are a rich source of potassium. Several other minerals are found in almonds as well, including calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc and a small amount of sodium.
The properties of any single plant may differ even from another plant of the same species and genotype, depending on when the plant is deemed mature, and variations in growing locations or conditions. While all of these nutrients will be present in any almond oil, the amount of each nutrient found in a certain amount of oil may change. Plants adapt to their environment, so a plant grown with more or less sun or rainfall may adjust to those conditions, producing slightly different nutrient profiles.
You can purchase almond oil online from several companies at amazon.com.