Gum disease - you may also know it as gingivitis or periodontal disease - is where your gums become swollen, sore, or infected, and it is estimated to affect 15 to 20 percent of the worlds population. As such, it is extremely common and a high proportion of people dont even realize that they have it!
Most people are likely to experience some form of gum disease at least once in their life, and so it is very important to understand how to recognize it, as well as how to effectively treat it.
Signs And Cases
One of the most obvious signs of gum disease is when your gums bleed during brushing, which is usually due to poor oral hygiene, resulting in plaque at the gum line. Gum disease can also cause bad breath, so if you suffer from bad breath it could also be due to gum disease.
In severe cases, a disease called periodontitis can develop. This causes the gum tissue to weaken, meaning that your teeth can eventually fall out.
The main cause of gum disease is an untreated build-up of plaque, which contains bacteria.
In mild cases of gum disease, this can be treated by practicing good oral hygiene brushing with good technique twice a day, as well as flossing daily in order to clean the hard-to-reach places.
If required, your dentist can provide a more thorough clean, removing the hardened plaque - which turns into tartar when left untreated.
In rare cases of severe gum disease, further non-surgical treatment might be required, and in extreme cases, surgical treatment may be necessary.
For these reasons, it is vitally important to maintain a high standard of oral hygiene, making sure to keep an effective brushing technique twice a day in conjunction with flossing on a daily basis.
This guest post was contributed by Smile Cliniq, a leading London-based dental practice.