How Does Gum Disease Start And What Are The Signs?

Gum disease is a fairly common condition that has many different facets and degrees. The beginning stage of gum disease – typically gingivitis – results in red or swollen gums. This usually happens when the health of your gums are not kept in good condition. Oral health is the most crucial part of preventing your gums from becoming vulnerable to outside forces and pesky bacteria. Here are some common things you should look out for that may indicate you are suffering from gum disease.

Red Gums

If you notice that your gums are redder or brighter than usual, you should definitely keep an eye on them as this is an early sign of gum disease. Keep your mouth clean by steady brushing, flossing and rinsing. These three things cannot be substituted by other measures. They are essential and will vastly improve the state and health of your gums.

Sore Gums

If you notice soreness in your mouth that seems to be coming from your gums, do not just ignore it or take it lightly. Those signs are there for a reason and they are likely telling you something about your mouth and the health of it. If you notice soreness or discomfort in your gums, the first thing you’ll need to do is check the area for plaque build-up, redness or any other abnormality that you aren’t used to seeing. One thing that gum disease does do is give you signs. Pay attention to your mouth and when completing your oral hygiene practices, make sure you are mindful of any discomfort in your gums.

Bleeding Gums

It’s perfectly normal to see a little pink in the sink after you brush your teeth. But if it becomes more than that, you need to be paying close attention to your gums. Gums that bleed are a major sign of gum disease. The reason for the blood is because the health of the gum is compromised. This often happens because the build-up of plaque causes the gums to be irritated, weak and become more susceptible to gingivitis or other types of gum disease. You may be suffering from gum disease if your gums are bleeding.

Receding Gums

This is a clear indication of gum disease and must be dealt with right away. If you start to experience your gums pulling away from your teeth or shrinking in any way, this could mean that you are suffering from some form of gum disease. When plaque is not properly removed, it can cause build-up that will push the gums further away from the tooth. This is often noticeable to the naked eye. If this isn’t properly treated it can lead to further damage that can cause tooth decay or even tooth loss.

It’s so important to listen to your mouth and all the ways it tells you what type of job you’re doing when you clean it. Upkeep is exceedingly important and should not be shirked. Keep your dental hygiene intact and you lessen the likelihood of suffering from gum disease.

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Gum Disease Signs, Symptoms And Stages

A combination of signs and symptoms may be present, depending on what severity of gum disease you have. Typically the early signs of gingivitis involve minor irritation such as bleeding or swelling of your gums.

Bleeding

Healthy gums should not bleed. If you floss regularly and brush along the gum lines, bleeding is not normal. However, infrequent flossing may always result in your gums bleeding due to the development of gingivitis.

Swollen Red Gums

Gums that are red, puffy or swollen are a sign of infection. Just as if you had another area on your body that was infected, swelling and redness would occur, alerting you to the condition.

Bad Breath

A bad taste in your mouth or bad breath may be a sign that there is biofilm or food lodged deep under your gums.

Gum Recession

The loss of your gum attachment causes the gums to creep slowly down the root of the teeth.

Tooth Mobility

As gum and bone loss occurs, your tooth has less stability. This may cause your teeth to shift into other positions or make them mobile.

Sore Teeth

When limited support structures are all that is holding your teeth into place, the delicate ligaments around your teeth can become strained.

Pus

Clear, white or yellow pus may begin to drain between your teeth and along the gum lines.

Stages Of Gum Disease

Gum disease starts out as mild gingivitis and progresses to different levels of periodontitis or periodontal disease. While all stages are part of the same disease condition, knowing how to identify gum disease developing in your mouth can allow you to be proactive about the treatment earlier on.

Gingivitis

The beginning stage of gum disease manifests itself as gingivitis. This is when you notice your gums bleeding during flossing and may have swollen or red gums just near the borders. Because gingivitis is just the initial inflammation of gums, it can easily be reversed within about two weeks.

Early Periodontal Disease

When gingivitis goes untreated, your gums begin to break down around the teeth. Early symptoms will include persistent inflammation, bleeding, and bone loss seen on your dental X-rays. You may also start to see mild gum recession in some areas. Early periodontal disease starts out localized, but if left untreated becomes more generalized throughout the mouth.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

This more advanced stage of gum disease is easier to spot. If you haven’t dedicated a lot of preventive care to your teeth, or do not see your dentist regularly, it may have allowed your condition to worsen without you realizing it. By the time you have developed moderate periodontal disease, gum recession is evident and there may be signs of tooth mobility. You may also start to notice dark areas between the teeth, where the gums have faded away.

Advanced Periodontal Disease

The most severe form of gum disease is advanced periodontal disease. Once you have lost several millimeters of bone around the teeth, your teeth become mobile, show severe signs of recession, and may even fall out. Specialized professional care is needed to delay tooth loss.

As if having different severities of gum disease were not enough, there are also variations to further describe the classification of your gum disease:

 

  • Localized Gum Disease – Restricted to a limited number of teeth in the mouth without having spread to surrounding teeth. Abnormal areas of bone loss are present in up to a few areas.
  • Generalized Gum Disease– Affecting most of the teeth in the mouth with generalized loss of surrounding bone structure throughout the entire mouth.
  • Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis– An ulcerative condition that involves necrotic “punched out” tissue, combined with swelling of the lymph nodes.
  • Hyperplasia– Thickness of gums associated with causes such as trauma, medication or irritation.
  • Pregnancy Gingivitis– Some women experience hormonal imbalances during their pregnancy, which results in the inflammation and bleeding of their gum tissues. This is usually atypical of their normal oral health, and it subsides after the birth of their baby.

Try the all-natural liquid toothpaste with a handcrafted blend of 100% pure cold pressed botanical almond, spearmint and carefully-aged peppermint oils. It naturally helps clean your teeth and gums by eliminating bacteria-causing germs and plaque while leaving you with fresh breath. Click here.