The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.
There are some factors that can trigger or aggravate rosacea by increasing blood flow to the surface of your skin. Some of the factors include:
- Hot foods or beverages
- Spicy foods
- Temperature extremes
- Stress, anger or embarrassment
- Strenuous exercise
- Hot baths or saunas
- Corticosteroids, such as prednisone
- Drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medicines
Diagnosis is made by examination of the skin, with consideration given to symptoms and fluctuation of signs and symptoms over time. There is no specific test for rosacea.
Although there’s no cure for rosacea, treatments can control and reduce the signs and symptoms. The best result possible usually requires a combination of prescription treatments and lifestyle changes. Surgical and other procedures, as well as prescription drugs used for rosacea, may include:
Antibiotics. The antibiotics used for rosacea have anti-inflammatory effects. There are various methods of delivery, including creams, gels, or lotions to apply topically, and oral pills. Antibiotic pills are usually more effective for short-term consumption, but may have more side effects.
Acne drugs. If antibiotics are not effective, isotretinoin (Accutane, Claravis, others) may give a better result. It’s a powerful drug usually reserved for severe cystic acne. It’s tightly regulated, especially for treatment of women in their child-bearing years. It is known to cause severe birth defects. These drugs may have major risks; be sure to speak with your health care professional about potential dangers and side effects.
Laser surgery and electrosurgery. These may reduce the visibility of blood vessels, and remove tissue buildup around the nose, improving the appearance.
The best step to healthier skin starts with avoiding potentially harmful chemicals and using 100% pure ingredients instead.
Alternative And Natural Treatment
These are the most frequently used alternative treatments:
Chrysanthellum Indicum Cream uses an extract of the herb by the same name. Research evidence is limited, but adverse reactions are described as mild, and no greater than reactions to placebos. One study showed that the drug is significantly more effective than placebos.
Niacinamide cream, a form of vitamin B3, has been found to be an effective moisturizer, but data is scanty.
Azelaic acid cream, derived from wheat, rye and barley, is thought to alleviate redness and reduce papules and pustules.
Prevention And Lifestyle Management
Once treatment achieves remission, it can be maintained by identifying and avoiding lifestyle and environmental factors that trigger flare-ups or aggravate an individual’s condition. Suggestions to prevent flare-ups include:
- Wear broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
- Protect your face in cold weather – use a scarf or ski mask.
- Avoid irritating your facial skin by rubbing or touching it too much.
- Wash problem areas with a gentle cleanser (Dove, Cetaphil).
- Avoid facial products that contain alcohol or other skin irritants. In addition, many skincare products contain potentially harmful ingredients.
- Use 100% pure botanical ingredients to moisturize and revitalize your skin daily.
More Facts About Rosacea
It’s safe to wear makeup when you have rosacea. Consider using green-tinted foundations and powders because they are designed to counter redness. Vitamins K and A, taken by mouth, are said to improve symptoms. There is no conclusive evidence to support that, and taking excessive doses of any vitamins can be dangerous.
Discuss possible supplements with your doctor before you use them. Many false claims are made by manufacturers. You can go to the beach with precautions. Use a natural sunscreen (with no parabens or petrochemicals) generously and reapply at least every 2 hours. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and a use a sun umbrella.
If rosacea depresses you see your doctor. There are ways to treat depression. A rosacea support group can connect you with others facing the same problems. You can contact the National Rosacea Society for groups in your area or go online to find groups.
There is no evidence supporting the idea that teen acne indicates future rosacea. Spicy foods can trigger a flare-up. Learn what foods trigger you and avoid them. Because rosacea is an inflammatory process, anti-inflammatory foods may be of benefit. Contact the National Rosacea Society or your doctor for information on foods which may be of benefit to you. Ask your doctor for a referral to a counselor, to help you learn how to live with rosacea. You can have a fulfilling life.
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