Food Cues Tempt Your Taste Buds To Overeat

Hungry customers are easily enticed to eat at fast-food restaurants by the glittering menu signs showing delicious food pictures and the mouthwatering aroma of crispy French fries and juicy burgers. A new study at the University of Michigan has established that food-related cues from fast-food restaurants stimulate brain activities and reactions, and can goad some patrons to gorge as a result of their induced hunger and food cravings. According to Michelle Joyner, a psychology graduate student at the University and the study’s lead researcher, these food cues could really only make people crave more food, without any effect on their liking the food taste or being satisfied.

A total of 112 college participants took part in this study and their demographics – age, gender, race, weight – were fully disclosed. Random selections were made to assign them to either a fast-food laboratory resembling a real restaurant with tables, chairs, booths, and low background music (experimental group), or a neutral lab (control group). Participants who had eaten lunch an hour ahead of the study’s trial could receive tokens to either buy foods normally available at fast-food joints such as French fries, cheeseburgers, soft drinks, and milkshakes. The vouchers could alternatively be used to buy some time for any other activity like playing video games. Both the food and game activities were shown on TV screens placed in the trial areas.

The research questions were focused on hunger, liking, and wanting. While liking portrays pleasure, wanting is a powerful motivation. Food-related cues in the fast-food lab made participants feel more hungry than in the neutral environments. However, these food cues did not make any major difference in their liking the food’s taste in either of the two locations.

Food-Related Cues

The study also revealed that participants consumed 220 less total calories in non-cue environments when compared to those who ate in the fast-food locations with food-related cues. Joyner stated that food cues had no impact on participants liking or wanting for games, thus showing the effect was really food-specific. Joyner and her fellow researchers made mention of how important it is for people to have the knowledge about how food-related cues can actually induce them into thinking that they are hungry and subsequently increasing their craving for food.

Joyner added that although it can be hard to avoid food cues in our society, people can try some tricks to minimize exposure to these cues by using technology to skip through food advertisements on TV shows and refraining from going into restaurants. From the findings of the study, we can safely conclude that the presence of food-related cues in a fast-food restaurant environment can induce hunger for food. These food cues can also trick patrons to overeat at fast-food joints. The cues have little or no impact on customers’ liking for food tastes, and patrons can develop tricks to reduce exposure to food cues and avoid overeating.

Pecans Improve Cardio-Metabolic Health Markers In Overweight Adults

A new study, conducted by researchers from Tufts University and published in the scientific journal Nutrients, reports that eating a few pecans daily for a month improved some markers of cardio-metabolic disease risk, and insulin sensitivity, in a group of obese adults having excess abdominal fat.

While previous studies on pecans concentrated on blood lipid changes, this is the first research to examine those markers associated with cardio-metabolic health. Cardio-metabolic risk is relatively a new term used to describe the possibilities of developing cardiovascular and sundry metabolic diseases, as well as type-2 diabetes and also metabolic syndrome. These conditions are collectively responsible for more preventable deaths worldwide than anything else. This research also assessed how pecan consumption affects other markers of cardio-metabolic disease risk, which include insulin resistance, insulin levels, glucose, and beta cell function. This is a measure of the pancreas’ ability to not only produce but also secrete insulin and help control the blood sugar level.

Pecans are naturally rich in unsaturated fats, and replacing a part of the saturated fats in diets with more beneficial fats might have contributed to observed changes,” says Dr. Diane L. McKay, the lead researcher. She also noted that bioactive compounds could have played an active role. She further explained that obesity and insulin resistance might increase both insulin demand and pancreatic beta cells hyper-function which could eventually lead to dysfunction. She revealed that the study results suggested pecan nutrients might play a key role in boosting normal insulin responses in overweight, obese adults even if the mechanisms of action were yet to be known. It should be mentioned that apart from mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, pecans also have fiber and essential minerals, and contain bioactive compounds like flavonoids and plant sterols, which may contribute.

The research group compared the impact of a pecan-rich diet to that of a control pecan-free diet containing the same amount of calories, fats, and fiber. The control diet was like an average American diet high in calories, nutrient-poor, and low in fiber, fruits, vegetables, and Omega-3 fatty acids. All meals, including the pecans, were provided to participants. A crossover, double-blind study design was employed for the intervention. For four weeks, participants observed either the pecan-rich diet or the pecan-free control diet. A two-week washout period was taken prior to switching over the groups to the opposite diet for another four weeks. Evaluations were done both at the start and the end of each four-week feeding period.


  • Overall findings showed the participants on a pecan-rich diet had greater reductions in insulin resistance, serum insulin and pancreatic bell cell hyper-function, in comparison with the control diet.
  • The magnitude of reduction in LDL and total cholesterol for the pecan-rich diet was not significant when compared with the pecan-free diet.
  • Other markers of cardio-metabolic disease risk – such as blood pressure and serum glucose – had greater reductions among subjects on the pecan diet than those on the control diet, though the results were not of statistical significance.
  • The researchers concurrently assessed five clinically important markers of cardio-metabolic risk, and found that the pecan diet had a significant effect on insulin-related markers associated with the risk.
  • Subgroup differences, denoted by gender and also glucose levels, modified these effects of the pecan-rich diet.


  1. The study was limited by size and duration.
  2. Further research is needed to investigate the effects of bioactive compounds found in pecans and also their potential action mechanisms.

McKay concluded that the study shows how making small changes, such as displacing saturated fats in American diets and eating some pecans daily, could make a significance difference in health.

How Teeth Gaps Affect Your Oral Health

Teeth gaps normally happen and many people oftentimes ignore them – especially young children. While some people say that teeth gaps make them feel and look young, teeth gaps or Diastema can actually affect your overall dental health. The misalignment can cause severe issues with your gums and jaw bones as well. Here are some facts about the impact of teeth gaps on your overall dental health to give awareness and stop common misconceptions that come with it.

Increases Chances Of Tooth Decay And Gum Disease

This can happen when food particles get stuck in between the gaps. The food particles will then break down and will slowly form into calculus and plaque. As the plaque continues to build up in between teeth, this can cause your gums to become vulnerable to bacteria. It can cause periodontitis or gingivitis and may worsen in time if left unattended.

People with larger teeth gaps may have higher chances of developing tooth decay. Larger teeth gaps have a higher tendency to accumulate more plaque. The accumulation of plaque will not only harm your teeth, but can also cause heart diseases that are associated with poor oral hygiene.

Problems With Oral Hygiene

Some people think that larger teeth gaps can help you maintain better oral hygiene. However, teeth gaps can cause severe issues and may lead to a myriad of oral problems if not treated. The teeth gaps can become a food trap, which then turns into plaque if not cleaned well. It can also be the reason for gum sensitivity due to constant brushing in between the gaps.

Misalignment And Jaw Pain

Misalignment and jaw pain are oftentimes caused by teeth gaps. Misaligned bites allow teeth to shift out of place. People with misaligned bites or crooked bites can experience chronic pain between the ears, forehead, and jaw. People suffering from misaligned bites can chip or wear off their teeth due to unequal force when they take a bite of hard food. It is very important that you have these gaps corrected to ensure that your teeth are not moving out of place.

Problems With Chewing

Chewing is another problem associated with teeth gaps. Large teeth gaps make it harder for you to chew food. The gums in between the gaps become sensitive when you continuously chew on a large chunk of food, making them susceptible to pain or infection.

Aside from the gum sensitivity, you can also experience an upset stomach due to consuming large chunks of food, making it difficult for your stomach to digest.

Lack Of Confidence

Another issue caused by teeth gaps is low self-esteem. People with teeth gaps often experience low self-esteem because they feel embarrassed to smile with their teeth gaps.

Teeth gaps may seem a normal occurrence for kids and young adults. However, it can cause severe damage if not closed properly. In some cases, these teeth gaps can be temporary, but there are instances when they become permanent. Thus, seek medical advice and oral treatment as soon as possible before your case worsens.

About The Author: Chloie Cartelli is a content writer for Orthofill whose expertise is focused on dental marketing. She graduated from the University of Connecticut and enjoys reading and writing that focuses on dental care.

Green Healing: The Amazing Health Benefits Of Being In Nature


Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature

Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature by FactDr

The Magic Of Sage Oil

Interestingly enough, sage is said to be the plant that has been used the longest historically in both medical and culinary practices. This is really cool when you think of all the herbs and oils that have been used for eons as a way to flavor food and heal ailments. There are so many things that we can easily and quickly remedy from items that come directly from the earth. More and more people are trying to live holistic and organic lifestyles so these types of informative posts provide you with necessary and factual information about these wonderful natural products.

Sage essential oil is distilled from sage leaves. There are many practices that include sage as a spiritually healing and cleansing plant. The herb’s name comes from the Latin word “salvere” and it is known for its ability to therapeutically improve the lives and moods of those who use it regularly. Historically the Greeks and Romans thought sage to be one of the preeminent herbs and even considered it sacred. In ancient times it was considered a great aid for both the mind and the body. Sage plants were often given to neighbors or gatherers to offer them good luck and safety. There are many different types of benefits that are attributed to this plant, especially in oil form.

Luckily sage oil is incredibly good to implement into beauty care regimens. We’re always trying to find a way to make our hair and skin look and feel amazing. Sage oil can be a huge part in that quest. It’s a great hair conditioner and has been known to help eliminate dandruff and help clarify oily, stringy hair. There’s nothing worse than those annoying little white flakes that can gather around on your scalp and fall in unsightly clusters on your clothes. A bit of sage oil mixed in with your regular shampoo will definitely do the trick. It can also leave your hair naturally shiny and bouncy by stripping it of excess oils.

If you’re looking for a moisturizer for your skin that isn’t too oily but will zap dry skin in its tracks, this is likely a good oil to keep on hand. It’s often found in anti mark and anti spot creams because all of its positive attributes that make it great for spots or marks that you may suffer from on various parts of your face. If you have a problem with dry skin it is absolutely essential that you properly moisturize for a number of reasons. One of which is that dry skin is more susceptible to developing lines and wrinkles. Skin that is properly moisturized – especially with oils full of skin-filling and tightening properties – are the best.

Sage oil is also wonderful to help fight fatigue and depression. For those who find that they can sometimes get a little overwhelmed and need a boost every once and awhile, putting a bit of sage oil in a oil lamp or a diffuser is a great idea. This can instantly put you in a better head space.

You can purchase sage oil online from several companies at


Olive Fruit Oil Properties And Types

olive-fruit-oilOf all botanical oils, olive oil is the most ubiquitous in the diet and health literature. Its medicinal uses began with Hippocrates, who used olive oil for skin conditions and as a base for ointments of all kinds. The olive tree holds a deeply revered place in history.

In Greek mythology, Zeus promised Attica to the god or goddess who brought the Greek people the more useful invention. Poseidon’s gift, alternately described as the horse or salt water, was rejected in favor of Athena’s gift of the olive tree. The city was renamed Athens and the olive tree assumed a place of prominence in the city’s food, medicine and material production. The award for winning the early Olympic competitions, which were held in Athens, was not a medal, but an olive branch twisted into a crown.

The olive tree and the oil of olives are mentioned throughout the Bible. In the story of Noah and the great flood, the dove returns to the Ark carrying an olive branch, and the oils used to anoint and heal individuals throughout the Bible are made from olives. It was Franciscan missionaries who brought the olive tree to California. The hearty olive groves survived where the Mission San Fernando fell to ruins. They remain largely in Northern California where the cost of land is lower and they are not run out by the more profitable grape crops or housing.

Types Of Olives

The olive, like the peach and almond, is a drupe – a fruit surrounding wrapped in a skin and containing a hard seed.

The popularity of the olive, whose botanical name is Olea Europa, has inspired hundreds of varietals. Various types are cross bred to accommodate growing season and climate as they are for most fruit, but olives inspire refinement as a delicacy, much as grapes are cultivated for wine varieties. Plants are selected by the polyphenol and aromatic compound content. These traits, along with the degree of maturity at which the olives are picked, are the main determinants of the oil’s flavor, stability and yield.

You can purchase olive fruit oil online from several companies at


Lemon Peel Oil As A Face Wash

lemon peel oil face washThe cleanliness of the face is of the utmost importance. Many skin issues start and end with how clean the skin is. The problem with obtaining squeaky clean skin is that many over-the-counter products promise amazing results and glowing, clear skin, but their ingredients leave much to be desired. We want you to feel good about what you put on your skin. If you are using a cleanser or face wash that you purchased at the drugstore, or even the department store, there is a high likelihood that it’s filled with chemicals and toxic ingredients. These additives can be harmful to your skin, as well as your overall health. One of the things that’s so fantastic about lemon peel oil as a face wash is that it’s completely natural.

Lemon peel oil is known to have properties that help skin that is acne prone. There is nothing worse than craving clear skin so badly, but waking up morning after morning with a brand new zit, or clusters of zits, on the face. Many people also don’t know that acne is not something that is suffered from exclusively by teens. Many adults continue to deal with the issue well into their 30s and 40s. Lemon peel oil is so effective because the acid in the rind helps eliminate oils that tend to cause acne flare-ups. One of the worst things about suffering from acne on a continual basis is the marks and scars the acne leaves behind even well after healing. Lemon peel oil also targets that directly as it’s a natural lightener, which helps to even out the tone and hue of the skin. Dark spots are no match for lemon peel oil as a face wash.

Another great thing about lemon peel oil is that it’s light and can penetrate the skin to remove the dirt, oil and makeup that can sometimes cause blemishes and other issues. It’s also known to dissolve and eliminate dead skin cells that can sometimes inadvertently linger on skin. The acidity in the oil helps promote blood flow and new skin cell growth as well. This is one of the reasons that it’s so effective in the evening out of skin tones. Due to the oil’s bactericide, astringent and antiseptic properties, it is perfect to use on the skin. Some are hesitant to put any type of oil anywhere near their face – especially those who suffer from oily and acne-prone skin. They’re under the impression it will only make their condition worse. This is simply not the case. Lemon peel oil will actively reverse those issues.

Cleaning with oil is not a new concept. Many oils have the necessary elements to act as great cleaners. Lemon peel oil has the capacity to clean and nourish the skin all at the same time. Many over-the-counter products have this oil in its ingredients but there are other ingredients that are likely potentially unhealthy and even harmful. Use lemon peel oil as a face wash today and watch your skin start to transform with consistent use.

You can purchase lemon peel oil online from several companies at



Tonsil Stones: How To Prevent Them

tonsil stonesThe condition of suffering from tonsil stones is medically referred to as tonsilloiths. It is a direct result of calcification, as the accumulation of calcium salts can gather in the pockets and crevices of tonsils. Peculiarly enough, even after tonsils are removed, tonsil stones may still occur. When the tonsils get filled with mucus, dead skin cells, food and bacteria, this is the perfect breeding ground for tonsil stones to fester. The remnants often calcify and thus turn into annoying and uncomfortable tonsil stones.

The main function of tonsils is to aid the immune system in the body. They achieve this by defending against viruses and bacteria that enter in your body through the throat. There are quite a few reasons as to why tonsil stones are formed in the body. If you do not brush your teeth properly, food particles will remain in your mouth and will allow bacteria to grow. If the growth increases significantly, this bacteria can reach the tonsil glands and lead to formation of stones. Other than the teeth, food particles can also get stuck in your throat and contribute towards stone formation.

Tonsil stones primarily occur and can be found at the roof of the mouth or back of the throat. They are often white or the color of mucus. Chronic sufferers report that tonsil stones are uncomfortable and can cause sore throat, chronic bad breath and tonsillitis. However, some don’t even realize they are tonsil stone sufferers. The easiest way to combat this issue is to be vigilant with oral care. The less likely excess food and debris is to get stuck on your tonsils, the less likely you are to develop these tonsil stones.

If your mouth remains dry, then you are also prone to the formation of tonsil stones. If not enough saliva is produced, your mouth will not remain clean, and may once again give rise to bacteria and eventually tonsil stones. Whatever the cause, the tonsils are generally removed, however, this does not have a significant effect on the immune system and the person’s body is still capable of defending from foreign bodies.

There are several home-based treatments that can help tonsil stones that you can use solely if your condition is not severe or in conjunction with other treatment plans which your doctor recommends. Oral hygiene is incredibly imperative, as those who neglect to scrape the back of their tongue are more susceptible to food particles not being fully digested and sticking to the walls of tonsils. Regular teeth brushing is crucial and will help dislodge food bits from in between teeth and gums.

Gargling salt water is another suggestion that helps eliminate the bacteria in the back of the throat that often helps aid tonsil stones. Increasing your water intake will also potentially help prevent those pesky stones. Get ample rest, do not participate in anything that may cause tiredness or fatigue, and try to sleep for more than eight hours.  Avoid speaking too much since tonsil stones can affect your voice in some cases. Eat food that can help soothe your sore throat such as coffee or hot cocoa. Use a humidifier so that your room does not become dry enough, which can alleviate sore throat and decrease your pain. Stay away from smoke, dust and other things that can irritate your throat. Take medicines which can relieve you of the pain. If along with tonsil stones you are suffering from fever as well, treatment with drugs is an option.

Your doctor will prescribe certain medications, particularly if bacterial infection is the cause of your disease. In most cases, these medications will usually be antibiotics. A common name among these is penicillin, which has to be taken for almost 10 days. Even if your symptoms disappear, you will still have to take antibiotics throughout the time period for which your doctor prescribed them. If you fail to do so, your symptoms can worsen and several complications can arise such as kidney inflammation and rheumatic fever.

Surgery is the last treatment option for tonsils. Your doctor will consider it only when other treatment plans fail to produce effective results. If your stone formation is frequent, then your doctor will suggest surgery, which is usually referred to as a tonsillectomy.

A tonsillectomy is conducted when you have been given a dose of anesthesia. A tube is passed through the nose into the cavity so that a person can easily breathe during the process. Surgery is performed through the mouth, which is kept open with a tool. A laser or another heated instrument is guided to where the tonsil stones are located, which are then cut away. The entire procedure is finished in just about an hour. You can be allowed to go home on the same day, but you will be fully recovered in about 14 days.

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5 Tips To Lose Weight

lose weight tipsThose who struggle to lose weight have heard the same advice again and again to shed the pounds: eat right and exercise. While this advice is sound and effective, it can sometimes be much more difficult than it sounds. There can potentially be factors that interfere with the effectiveness of those two suggestions – things like family history or medication. Listed below are some unusual and uncommonly mentioned ways to help you lose weight and keep it off.

Use A Smaller Blue Plate

This is an interesting suggestion that actually has a lot of basis in scientific findings. There are certain colors that promote feelings of hunger. Colors like red and yellow are often used for fast food logos for this very reason. But using the color blue around the food you eat will help you get full faster. Using a plate that’s smaller will help aid in portion control. When we use bigger plates, we are naturally inclined to pile more food onto them.

Sit In The Sauna

Sweating doesn’t always have to come from physical exertion. Just sitting in a steam room can potentially burn a large amount of calories – especially if you frequent a sauna on a continual basis. This may serve as a good extra bit of sweating on top of the work out you already do, or a way to burn calories if too much rigorous movement is simply just not your thing.

Take Vitamins

Many people hold on to fat and unnecessary weight because they lack the proper minerals and vitamins that the body needs for optimal functioning. There are quite a few vitamins that have been known to help shed pounds. Omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B-12 and calcium are all vitamins that have been linked to weight loss. Sometimes those extra five or 10 pounds are holding on because our body doesn’t have the right level of nutrients.

Sleep In A Cold Room

Oddly enough, when we sleep in a properly ventilated, cool room it actually promotes deeper sleep which helps regulate our metabolism and burns more calories, then when we have fretful, warm sleep. Those who are sleep deprived are more likely to struggle with losing weight and often retain weight. Deep sleep promotes rest, which promotes the internal functioning of the body to work as it should. This includes being able to shed those extra pounds.


This is a great tactic to not only improve your lungs and the level of oxygen you obtain, but also one that promotes your metabolism functioning as it should and was designed to. There is a very specific pattern of deep breathing that promotes the shedding of pounds. Inhale through the nose and count to four, hold for a count of seven and then exhale slowly through the mouth for a count of eight. Repeat four times.